: Can it be Heinrich Schütz ?
(on College Music Symposium), pictures added.
Rembrandt, Portrait of a Musician (more info, wikimedia commons)The Corcoran Gallery's "Portrait of a Musician" by Rembrandt—signed and dated 1633, although not 100% sure it is 100% authentical — has caused considerable controversy surrounding the identity of the musician. Three claimants have been presented: Nicholas Lanier, Heinrich Schütz, and Constantijn Huygens. Until a decade ago it was widely accepted that it might be Heinrich Schütz, a theory advanced in 1937 by Bruno Maerker. 5 As proof Maerker compared the painting to one of the three known portraits of Schütz—that by Christoph Spetner in the Leipzig University Collection6 (see below)—and postulated that the subjects of the two works bore striking similarity to one another. personal note: I don't see it. The mouth, the hair, the colour of the eyes, all different (DW).
Constantijn Huygens (1596-1687)—the famous Dutch diplomat, man of letters, amateur musician, and poet—was clearly in a position to have been painted by Rembrandt. [see below three pictures of this candidate]
final and most convincing evidence, however, rests in a comparison of the
physical characteristics displayed in Rembrandt's portrait with those exhibited
in the many known portraits of Huygens. Not only are the eyes of the same color,
brown (whereas in the known portraits of Schütz, his eyes are blue-gray), but
the lips, hair, and hat are all very similar. Moreover, the sitters in the
Rembrandt portrait and the Paulus Pontius engraving of Huygens dated one year
earlier both wear a ring on their little finger.
5Bruno Maerker, "Rembrandts Bildnis eines Musikers—Ein Schütz-Portrait?" Deutsche Musikkultur 2 (1937-38), 329-45.
6The two other known portraits of Schütz include an engraving by Christian Romstet and a painting by an unknown German master of around 1670 housed in the Deutsche Staatsbibliothek in Berlin.
7Otto Benesch, "Schütz and Rembrandt," Festschrift Otto Erich Deutsch, ed. Walter Gerstenberg (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1963), 12-19.
8Hans Joachim Moser, Heinrich Schütz: Sein Leben und Werk, 2nd rev. ed. (Kassel: Bärenreiter, 1954), 625.
10Among the authenticated portraits of Huygens are included an engraving by Paulus Pontius after Van Dyck, which was executed in 1632; a grisaille by Jan Mauris Quinkhard, now in the Amsterdam Rijksmuseum; a painting by Jan Lievens, housed in the Rijksmuseum; and a painting by Thomas de Keyser from 1627 that is in the National Gallery in London.
11Edith Greindl, "Un portrait de Constantin Huygens par Rembrandt," Apollo (March 1942), 10-11.
12Else Kai Sass, "Constantijn Huygens—The Musician," in Comments on Rembrandt's Passion Paintings and Constantijn Huygens's Iconography, by Else Kai Sass, transl. Jean Nixon and David Hohnen (Copenhagen: Munksgaard, 1971), 39-61.
13Greindl, pp. 10-11.